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Division of Economics

Edukasistan.com - Hello everyone! Today, I would like to dive into a topic: understanding the branches of economics. Economics is a science that significantly impacts our society. We need to grasp the branches of economics as they give us a perspective on how economic decisions are made and their impact on our everyday lives.

These branches of economics include microeconomics, macroeconomics, development economics, monetary economics and international economics. Microeconomics studies consumer and producer behaviour in the market, while macroeconomics examines the conditions.

Development economics explores efforts to enhance growth and societal well-being. Monetary economics delves into policies and the economic system. Lastly, international economics delves into trade and the economic relationships between countries.

By comprehending these branches of economics, we can better understand how government policies or corporate decisions influence our economic state and daily lives.

  • Economics is about how individuals allocate resources to fulfil their needs.
  • It can be divided into economics (observing phenomena) and theoretical economics (formulating models to explain those phenomena).
  • Descriptive Economics encompasses the gathering and examining of data, while Theoretical Economics involves the creation of models and economic theories.
  • Both types of Economics complement each other and help understand complex economic phenomena.
  • The study of Economics plays a role in making efficient economic decisions.

What is Economics?

Division of Economics
Division of Economics

Before delving into the branches of economics, let's first establish what economics entails and its significant role in society. Economics explores how individuals, families and societies allocate resources to fulfil their needs and wants.

Economics entails analyzing the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services. Fundamental principles include supply-demand dynamics, resource allocation efficiency, opportunity cost considerations, and marginal benefits. The law of supply and demand elucidates the connection between a product's price and its demanded or offered quantity.

Resource allocation efficiency pertains to distributing resources for maximum societal gains. Opportunity cost refers to the value foregone when selecting one alternative over another. Marginal benefit refers to the advantage gained when consuming a unit of a good or service.

Division of Economics

The two main branches of economics, namely Descriptive Economics and Theoretical Economics, play an essential role in our understanding of economics. Descriptive economics analyses day conditions, while theoretical economics involves creating models and theories to elucidate economic behaviour and decision-making.

Different branches exist within the field of economics. These branches have characteristics and areas of focus. The primary branches are economics and theoretical economics.

1. Descriptive Economics

Descriptive Economics observes and analyses how the economy functions in real-world scenarios. This branch involves gathering data, conducting analysis, and creating reports on economic conditions.

By delving into economics, we gain insights into how policies, market changes and other factors impact the overall economy.

Topics explored in economics include growth, inflation, unemployment, trade balance and interest rates. Studying this branch of economics allows us to comprehend trends, identify issues that arise within the economy, and make decisions in our daily lives.

2. Theoretical Economics

Theoretical Economics focuses on developing theories and models that elucidate behaviour. This branch employs analysis and modelling techniques to understand economic cause-and-effect relationships.

Studying Theoretical Economics allows us to grasp the principles that drive decision-making and how these choices impact the overall economic outcomes.

Theoretical economics encompasses topics such as supply and demand theory, production theory, production cost theory and the theory of competition markets. By delving into economics, we can understand economic principles and apply them in analyzing economic policies.


Economics holds relevance not only in academic settings but also in our everyday lives. Grasping principles such as supply and demand dynamics and efficient resource allocation empower individuals to make informed financial decisions while comprehending how economic policies impact their overall well-being.

In summary, both individuals and society as a whole must comprehend the branches of economics. By doing so, we can gain insights into how economic decisions are formulated and how they influence our daily lives.

Economics aids in comprehending trends, identifying issues, and making informed decisions in our everyday lives. In this article, we have explored two branches of economics, namely descriptive economics and theoretical economics.

Descriptive Economics assists us in understanding day conditions along with their influencing factors, while Theoretical Economics helps us grasp the fundamental principles guiding economic decisions.

I encourage you to continue expanding your knowledge about economics and its impact on society. With an understanding of this subject matter, we can contribute to improved policy-making processes leading to an economically prosperous society. Keep expanding your knowledge and exploring the world of economics!

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What does the Division of Economics entail?

The Division of Economics involves breaking down economics into branches of science.

2. Which branches of economics are included in the Division of Economics?

The Division of Economics encompasses branches, namely microeconomics, macroeconomics, development economics, international economics, monetary economics and public economics.

3. How does microeconomics differ from macroeconomics?

Microeconomics focuses on studying how individuals or companies make decisions, while macroeconomics looks at the state of the economy, including aspects like inflation, unemployment rates and economic growth.

4. What is the scope of study in development economics?

Development economics delves into understanding how a country can achieve growth and enhance societal welfare through suitable economic policies.

5. What does international economics cover?

International economics explores the relationships between countries, encompassing trade dynamics, foreign investment patterns and trade policies.

6. What is studied in economics?

Monetary economics examines the policies banks implement to regulate the money supply within society and influence interest rates.

7. What is studied in public economics?

Public economics explores how governments regulate activities through policies like taxes, subsidies and public spending.

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